Posted by: motso | December 3, 2010

Urdu must prosper & flourish

History and Future of Urdu Language

Urdu is a language that was created in Central Asia long back, sometime in 16th century. Urdu is the national language of Pakistan presently. The word Urdu has derived from “Ordu”, which is a Turkish word with a meaning army. Basically the language was used to unify the Muslims soldiers and help them to communicate during their conquest of Eastern Persia and India. These Muslim soldiers were from countries like Turkey, Persia and Arab. In order to encourage communication between the soldiers, the Urdu language was used instead of Farsi. In fact, one can see that Urdu language is a mixture of Farsi, Turkish and Arabic, of which 70% usage is that of Farsi. However, the grammar of the language is unique in itself and does not resemble any of the three languages. However, the present age Urdu language is different and has adopted words of Hindi and English vocabulary. History The foundation stone of the Urdu started with Muhammad Bin Qasim in the 700 BC Muhammad Bin Qasim entered now Pakistan and since he had a mixture of Persian, Arab and Turkish armies, the language that eventually emerged came to be known as Urdu, which also means Rekhta or mixed. During 1000 CE and 1700 CE, Urdu remained the language of people of Persia and Southern and Central Asia. Whether it was education or literature, everything was in Urdu. In fact, when it comes to old Urdu literature, Allama Iqbal and Mirza Assadullah Ghalib are remembered even today for their great works. Fall of Urdu Language During 1800s, Urdu language started seeing downfall. The British rule in India promoted English and even Hindustani. Though Hindustani was a mixture of Hindi and Urdu languages, but mainly Khadiboli was used. Later India got divided and Pakistan was evolved which had Urdu as its national language. However, literacy rate fell down drastically and usage of Urdu grew minimal all over the world. With the Musharaff government, it further saw a downfall as he made English the medium of studies for most of the schools and colleges and also official language of the country. Future The future of Urdu language is more or less uncertain only. It won’t be wrong in saying that if no step is taken to promote the language today, soon no one would even remember it. There is no doubt that Urdu language is still there in the world but the real “Urdu” is somewhere lost. The presently spoken Urdu is entirely different in every aspect and is only a derivation from Hindi and English. A major reason for the same is the decrease in schools and colleges teaching Urdu language. The government does not understand that the future of Urdu language lies in their hands and in the hands of law and education ministry. It is their duty to promote the language and for doing the same, understanding of Quran should be encouraged. Also, Urdu should be introduced as the medium of education in schools and colleges. Even the religious schools should be employed to aid in increasing literacy rates. Even Masjids should encourage promotion of Urdu. The preservation of Urdu language is centrally required today and for the same educating people is a must. The initiative should be taken not only by the government but also by each and every individual otherwise this beautiful language would soon be lost and forgotten. Written bu Urdu translator www.indianscripts.com

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